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Writing is a complex productive skills that involves lots of thinking and organization of thoughts Hacker et al 2009 defined writing as the production of thought for oneself or others under the direction of ones goal-directed metacognitive monitoring and control and the translation of that thought into an external symbolic representation p 154 In other words writers get hold of their thoughts and present them effectively so as to be received and understood The process of writing involves thinking and thinking about thinking and eventually that idea where student teachers are concerned about writing an effective lesson plan Good writing requires higher order thinking and a certain level of intelligence Metacognition enables us to be successful learners and has been associated with intelligence eg Borkowski Carr Pressley 1987 Sternberg 1984 1986a 1986b as cited in Livingstone 2009 Metacognition refers to higher order thinking which involves active control over the cognitive processes engaged in learningSuch metacognitive skills include knowing what when and how to apply certain reading writing or learning strategies knowing how to orchestrate and regulate learning and knowing how to apply literacy skills to other disciplines or contexts Gourgey 1998 Negretti 2012 Students can learn to become actively metacognitive learners Wilson Grisham Smetana 2009 Simply put metacognition is thinking about ones own thinking and controlling ones own learning Roe Stood-Hill Burns 2011 p 152 It is knowledge and control of ones own cognitive system Zohar 1999 p 414taking cognitive activity as its object Flavell Miller Miller 2002and a means of enhancing academic learning Paris Winograd 1990 Likewise metacognitive knowledgewhich also involves motivation Roe et al 2011can inform proximate task-oriented situations and thinkers more holistic conceptions of themselves as learners Desautel 2009 Zimmerman 1990 Bandura 1997One of the goals of this research is to explore how student teachers metacognitive knowledge can be developed in the classroom context and the impact this development has on the writing of lesson plans Chang-Wells
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