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Aristotle a Greek philosopher was a student of Plato and a teacher of Alexander the Great In his writings he covered many subjects such as physics metaphysics poetry theater music logic rhetoric and so on he also contributed to the definition of tragedy Along with Plato and Socrates Platos teacher Aristotle is one of the most important founding fathers of western philosophy During his studies he came up three means of persuasion Ethos Pathos and Logos Ethos is the appeal that deals ones credibility moral and ethics Pathos has to do with ones emotions while Logos is the appeal that deals with logic and reasoning These three appeals can be found in literature today such as Letter from a Birmingham jail In this particular piece of writing Martin Luther King Jr illustrates the three means of persuasion which to Aristotle is important in persuading a reader or an audience In Letter from a Birmingham Jail Dr King demonstrates Ethos by stating that he is president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference which in turn shows that he is credible another point that he brings up is that he is in Birmingham simply because he was invited by the organization that he heads due to an event that is being held in Birmingham he is simply not trespassing or coming to Birmingham looking for trouble Furthermore he is in Birmingham due to the racial injustice and the segregation going on in the city Dr King makes reference to prophets of the eighth century BC by saying just as they left their villages and carried Thus saith the Lord far beyond the boundaries of their home town he is simply doing the same thing He also makes another Biblical reference by saying just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco Roman he is
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