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What factors bring about change in modern societiesKarl Marx and Max Weber each have very distinct views about which factors bring about change in modern societies For Marx change occurs due to developing human needs and a revolutionisation of production by a particular social group in order to increase their social standing and wealth this is often understood as class conflict Weber however opposes Marxs materialistic notions He refers to the capitalist spirit as a value that becomes instilled within individuals which lead to the changes in modern society First of all it is important to distinguish what modern societies mean in terms of Marxist thought Marx identifies a malleable chronological list of modes of production throughout history tribal ancient and feudal It is after the feudal mode of production that we can say the Capitalist or modern mode of production begins However Marx makes it very clear that class conflict - which is the stimulus for change - has been prevalent in each mode of production every form of society has been based on the antagonism of oppressing and oppressed classes Marx 93 It is this antagonism which Marx identifies as a veiled civil war Marx 93 - that has brought and will bring change to modern societies class members become dissatisfied with their place within their society and begin to utilize their material affects to better themselves It is this very issue that according to Marx transformed Feudalism into our modern society of Capitalism Marx describes the bourgeoisie class under the previous Feudal system as an oppressed class under the sway of feudal nobility Marx 81 It is the Proletariat who are oppressed in Capitalism and the change that will occur through their class struggle is different from the bourgeoisie as they can not become masters of their own previous mode of appropriation They have nothing of their own to secure and fortify Marx 92 This is due to their reliance
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