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Comparing Piagets Stages of Cognitive Development to Eriksons Stages of Social Development Child psychologist Jean Piaget believed that a person understands whatever information fits into his established view of the world Piaget described four stages of cognitive development and related them to a persons ability to understand The Sensorimotor Stage occurs from birth to 2 years It is during this stage that the child learns about his or herself and the environment around them by use of motor and reflex actions The Preoperational Stage begins from about the time the child starts to talk to about age 7 With the childs new knowledge of language he is able to begin using symbols to represent objects and personify them as well The Concrete Stage occurs from about first grade to early adolescence The child has now developed an ability to make rational judgements There is no longer the need to live in a fantasy world as much The final stage in Piagets Cognitive Development is the Formal Stage There is no longer the need for concrete objects to make rational judgements He is now capable of hypothetical and deductive reasoning Psychiatrist Erik Erikson believed that each person had Eight Stages of Development He called them the Eight Stages Of Man These stages were formulated not through experimenting but through wide ranging experience in psychotherapy Stage 1 Learning Basic Trust Versus Basic Mistrust is the period of infancy through the first one or two years of life A child well handled nurtured and loved will develop trust and security Badly handled the child becomes insecure and mistrustful Stage 2 Learning Autonomy Versus Shame occurs between 18 months and 2 years Autonomy is not however entirely filled with self assurance initiative and independence For children in the
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