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Beowulf and Gilgamesh There are many differences and critical comparisons that can be drawn between the epics of Beowulf and Gilgamesh Both are historical poems which shape their respected culture and both have major social cultural and political impacts on the development of western civilization literature and writing Before any analysis is made it is vital that some kind of a foundation be established so that a further in-depth exploration of the complex nature of both narratives can be accomplished The epic of Gilgamesh is an important Middle Eastern literary work written in cuneiform on 12 clay tablets about 2000 BC This heroic poem is named for its hero Gilgamesh a tyrannical Babylonian king who ruled the city of Uruk known in the Bible as Erech now Warka Iraq According to the myth the gods respond to the prayers of the oppressed citizenry of Uruk and send a wild brutish man Enkidu to challenge Gilgamesh to a wrestling match When the contest ends with neither as a clear victor Gilgamesh and Enkidu become close friends They journey together and share many adventures Accounts of their heroism and bravery in slaying dangerous beasts spread to many lands When the two travelers return to Uruk Ishtar guardian deity of the cityproclaims her love for the heroic Gilgamesh When he rejects her she sends the Bull of Heaven to destroy the city Gilgamesh and Enkidu kill the bull and as punishment for his participation the gods doom Enkidu to die After Enkidus death Gilgamesh seeks out the wise man Utnapishtim to learn the secret of immortality The sage recounts to Gilgamesh a story of a great flood the details of which are so remarkably similar to later biblical accounts of the flood that scholars have taken great interest in this story After much hesitation Utnapishtim reveals to Gilgamesh that a plant bestowing eternal youth is in the sea Gilgamesh dives into the water and finds the
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