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There are many components to educational psychology The more we learn about it the more effective a teacher can be within the classroom In order to do so we must study the different theorists and be able to apply their theories to our classrooms We must understand what intelligence is and the different theories of it This paper will address a persons social and moral development as well as intelligence Erik Erikson devolved a theory of psychosocial development that expanded on Sigmund Freuds theory of psychosexual development He expanded the five stages of Freuds theory into eight stages which he called the eight ages of man His theory emphasized self emergence search for identity personal relationships with others and cultures role throughout ones life At each stage Erikson believed an individual would face a developmental crisis in which there is a conflict between a positive and potentially unhealthy conflict The first stage is known n as basic trust vs mistrust This is from birth to between 12-18 months of age In this stage the infant needs to form a trusting loving relationship with its caregiver The basic element of nutrition and care must be met Otherwise the infant will develop mistrust within themselves others and their environment Being able to trust someone will allow the infant to learn when it is also appropriate to mistrust someone The second stage is autonomy vs shame and doubt This occurs from 18 months to 3 years of age Children during this stage are beginning to develop their gross motor skills and learn to care for themselves Allowing the child to start feeding and dressing themselves will help them develop self-confidence Parents should not be overprotective of their children It is also the time in which children learn to be potty trained
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