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Word Count: 696
One archaic theme that is radically different from most other religions is their view of the creation of the world In Genesis it is stated that God created heaven Earth and everything else we see But For Religious man of archaic culture the world is renewed annually in other words with each New Year it recovers its original sanctity that it possessed when it came from the Creators handspg 75 The New Year celebration is basically the world being created all over again What must first be understood is the archaic perspective of time It isnt the linear concept Judaism Islam etc where time has one beginning and will have one end Archaic time is circular meaning an annual natural cycle or what we know as a solar year In the book on page 77 it states the ritual used that describes the creation of the world During the last days of the year that was ending and the first days of the New Year the Poem of Creation the Enuma elish was solemnly recited This ritual recitation reactualized the combat between Marduk and the marine monster Tiamat a combat that took place ab origine and put an end to chaos from Tiamats dismembered body and created man from the blood of the demon Kingu Tiamats chief ally That this commemoration of the Creation was in fact a re-actualization of the cosmogonic act is shown both by the rituals and in the formulas recited during the ceremony The combat between Tiamat and Marduk that is was mimed by a battle between two groups of actors a ceremonial that we find again among the Hittites again in the frame of the dramatic scenario of the New Year among the Egyptians and at Ras Shamra The battle between two groups of actors repeated the passage from chaos to cosmos actualized the cosmogony The mythical event became present once again May he continue to conquer Tiamat and
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