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Word Count: 1,230
The concepts of balanced reciprocity when a gift is given its recipient should give a gift in return of equal value at some stage in the future redistribution distributing a resource to people market the central function of distributing goods to society and the importance of trade all apply to the Grand Valley Dani in terms of land use capital and labor Land resources such as the sweet potato crop yams and taro are joined on irrigated fields where the inhabitants the Dani can easily farm without giving payment to the previous owner of the land and can distribute crops to the surrounding communities Labor allocation among the Dani follows a gender pattern women are in charge of the household and their responsibilities are given to them by their husbands and fathers men are considered the providers where women are solely the producers Polygyny increases the labor force with more wives more children can contribute to the household by helping their mothers Polygyny does involve payment in the form of animals or other gifts being exchanged Women plant tend and harvest crops are involved in pig rearing and produce salt Womens role in Dani society is essential as they are the producers of basic sustenance for the family Shwimmer 2007 Salt and pigs play a significant role as they are traded with other villages and are exchanged for rare stones shells and other goods Pigs are consumed at Dani ceremonies and are also considered Capital goods that serve as a way of storing value for a long period and generate interest Shwimmer 2007 The male and female social spheres differ in Dani society The work done by men revolves around the capital formation of goods and services trade warfare and prestige Women are involved in the subsistence of the family and household production The multicentric model which includes various factors and the flow of product is limited and each different factor has a specific value
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