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Word Count: 491
Darkness Sign of Chaos in Macbeth Darkness in our society is indicative of evil For instance a black cat a dark night and a dark place are all symbolic of diablerie Authors use these symbols to describe an evil character or setting William Shakespeare employs the imagery of darkness in Act 4 of his play Macbeth to describe the agents of disorder The witches Macbeth and Scotland are all described as dark because they represent the agents of chaos The witches in the first scene of Act 4 are depicted as agents of chaos because of the dark domain around them The witches meet in a dark cave The cave is an appropriate setting for the witches because caves tend to represent the under-world and hell creating a feeling of evil The witches appearance secret black and midnight hags also indicates their evil nature The witches dark meeting place and dark appearance all emphasize their destructive nature Macbeth in Act 4 consulted with the witches murdered Macduffs family and continued to create chaos in Scotland Macbeth in Act 4 is described as an agent of disorder untitled tyrant bloody-sceptered The language in Act 1 that described Macbeth has changed from noble and kind to the diction of Act 4 witch describes Macbeth as black Macbeth and a tyrant The Castle that Macbeth lives in Dunsanine is also indicative of darkness Dunsanine is similar to the word dungeon a dark and dirty place In Act 4 Macbeth is an agent of disorder he murders and he consults witches because of this he is described using dark imagery Scotland under the rule of Macbeth is described as shrouded in darkness by Malcolm Scotland in Act 4 has fallen off the Chain of Being and is now occupied with the forces of chaos and disorder Scotland in Act 4 is filled with sighs and groans and shrieks that rent the air Scotland is described
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