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Does Hume underestimate the importance of reason in moral thinking reason is and ought only to be the slave of the passions Humes moral theory arises out of his belief that reason alone can never cause action Action is caused by desires or feelings and as reason alone can never cause action morality is rooted in our feelings It is necessary therefore to look at precisely what arguments he presents in favour of his view of reason with regard to moral thinking whilst also examining the idea that if reason is not the sole arbiter of moral thinking then what is Ethics arouses a great deal of interest in almost all spheres of life from deciding whether two fourteen-year-old boys are culpable for killing a child to deciding whether human cloning should be allowed to deciding whether or not to hand in a wallet that was found on the street Moreover it is a universal concept found in some form or another in every culture subculture and even counterculture some suggest a code in which there is honour among thieves Furthermore it is a highly controversial subject and its theoretical treatment is historic In some moral systems for example rationalism reasoned action is thought to be the epitome of moral behavior if morality is not to become purely subjective Hume argues the contrary However before Humes viewpoint that morality cannot be found solely through reason can be examined it might be prudent to look at his ideas about morals With regard to morality Hume was most concerned with peoples actions since he believed that their actions causally followed from their sentiments and desires In this way reason is incapable of motivating an action Rather Hume would say that it is our sentiment that ultimately drives our actions According to Hume reason cannot fuel an action and therefore cannot motivate it In order to prove this against the idea of rationalism Hume suggests firstly
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