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Word Count: 605
There were many reasons for the downfall for the Middle Ages but the most crucial ones were the decline of the feudal system and the declination of the Churchs power over the nation-states In feudal society everyone had a definite place and a definite role with the power resting in the hands of the local lords instead of a central government The lords or nobles lost power after the Crusades when the Europeans came into contact with the more advanced civilizations of the Byzantine Empire and the Muslims That spurred the growth of trade which in turn gave rise to a money system The money system in turn caused the birth of a middle class which didnt fit anywhere into the feudal system It was made up of the serfs and peasants that left the feudal system in search of making money in trade For the middle class the king granted Charters made a uniform law started banking offered protection and expanded territory In return the middle class payed taxes to the king While this money economy grew the feudal lords were put into an economic squeeze As one may see that didnt leave much of a place for the nobles who were rapidly losing power Another thing that contributed to their loss of power was the enforcement of Common Law which applied throughout the kingdom The effects of the Hundred Years War hastened the decline of the feudal system The use of the longbow and firearms made the feudal methods of fighting obsolete Monarchs replaced feudal soldiers with national armies made up of hired soldiers Finally threats to the monarchy decreased as a result of the large number of nobles killed in the war Another major factor that contributed to the end of the Middle Ages was the declination of the Churchs power over the nation-states Conflicts between the papacy and the monarchy over political
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