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Word Count: 952
Tragedy is defined as an extremely sad or fatal event or course of events a story play or other literary work which arouses terror or pity by a series of misfortunes or sad events The first important tragedies appeared in ancient Greece in the 400s BC with works of Aeschylus Sophocles and Euripides There were various views of tragedy and Aristotle Richard B Sewall Arthur Miller and Robert Silverberg each had their own different views Aristotle laid down the basics principles of tragedy in his Poetics He wrote that the purpose of tragedy was to make the audience feel pity and fear for the characters Aristotle believed that tragedy brought about a catharsis of his emotions Catharsis is something that arouses solemn emotions but is not depressing The hero of any ancient Greek tragedy was a great man who suffered because of a tragic flaw or error in judgment The hero was a person of noble stature but was responsible for his or her own downfall The fall is a not pure loss There is some increase in awareness some gain in self-knowledge and some discovery on the part of the tragic hero Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman is one of his best-known plays but it created a big controversy I believe that the common people are as apt subjects for tragedy in its highest sense as monarchs are Miller 16 Miller believes that the main character does whatever he has to do to secure his personal sense of dignity Pride goes along with this which is also a major part of many of Millers view Another view of tragedy according to Arthur Miller is the tragic flaw that the main character has The tragic flaw is the characteristic that the character has that makes him fail anything The character fails because he tries to overcome this flaw but does not succeed In the past especially in the era of Sophocles and Euripedes
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