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Define the Gothic genre Gothic genre is a style of writing which emphasises the supernatural mysterious grotesque which creates horror This emphasis allows both the author and the reader to explore our dark side its themes are often related to that of mystery gloom and terror Define Romanticism Romanticism as a backlash or countermovement focusing on aspects such as Emotion and reason Power of imagination Mens relationship to nature Value of innocence It originated in the 18th Century in Western Europe and it changed the way the society saw their environment as it overturned many preceding social and political norms that the people were accustomed to Romanticism also contributed in areas of arts where poems songs and paintings stressed very strongly on human emotions Define Age of Reason or Rationalism The age of reason is a philosophical belief that asserts that the truth can best be discovered by reason and factual analysis rather than faith dogma or religious teaching Scientific breakthroughs brought rise to advances in technology which eventually completed changed peoples way of life Such discoveries as that of electricity by Benjamin Franklin in the 1752 ultimately led to the decline of religious influence as many turned to science in seeking the truth Explain how the Gothic and Romantic genres arose as a reaction to Rationalism The rise of industrialisation caused massive dislocation and alienation of the society and Gothic literature was partly a response to restore balance and moral order as well as a form of escapism from the reality of new scientific and industrial order During this period of time many people were lost no longer knew what to believe and were afraid of this change and confusion As a reaction the Gothic and Romantic genres arose as it was trying to counter the effects that Rationalism was having on the people Rationalism promoted logical thinking and this oppression of emotions
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