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For Democracy to truly thrive there must be equal opportunity and an equal distribution of hope for all people A myth that underpins American culture is that we live in a land where success is based on merit and differences in wealth is due to the differences in ambition and ability Each individual has equal opportunity obtain an educational foundation that will provide social mobility self-improvement and self-awareness Lastly each individual will live without the pains of discrimination and will have the freedom to pursue their dreams If this American myth is true do we still need legislation such as Affirmative Action Since the birth of this country there has also been the issue of racial discrimination We have made progress since the days of slavery and segregation but animosity towards a universal acceptance of all races still exist Today in America white males occupy most managerial positions and corporate market institutions have a disproportionate amount of capital power and influence on how society is run and how culture is shaped p25 Race Matters After the United States Congress passed the Civil Rights Act in 1964 it became apparent that certain business traditions such as seniority status and aptitude tests prevented total equality in employment In 1965 the US government believed that employers were discriminating against minorities and that action must be taken to try to bring equality back into the marketplace On September 24 1965 President Lyndon B Johnson issued Executive Order 11246 at Howard University that required federal contractors to take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed without regard to their race creed color or national origin Civil Rights When Lyndon Banes Johnson signed that order he enacted one of the most controversial pieces of legislation Affirmative action was created in an effort to help minorities leap the discriminative barriers that are present in this country In a statement released in 1981 by the United States Commission on
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