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Word Count: 883
Homer clearly and precisely depicts the religion and the ethics of the Achian and Trojan societies in The Iliad During the time of the Trojan War religion played an important role in the societies Sacrifice prayer and rituals were all equally significant and the superiority of the gods and the fates above humans were a standard of society The gods were sacred deities to whom one had to bestow honor and respect Within the society honor glory and fame were desperately sought by warriors striving to achieve enduring notoriety Ones word represented a considerable commitment to be acted upon Religion and ethics are prominently displayed in the characters throughout The Iliad due to their importance in Greek and Trojan society The characters religious dedication is evident through their sacrifice prayer and rituals King Agamemnon sacrificeda fat bull of five years and prayed to Zeus for success in battle against the Trojans Meanwhile the Achian soldiers prayed to be spared from death in the maul of war Later when Patroclos an Achian soldier body is recovered twelve noble sons of Troy are sacrificed in his funeral pyre Sacrifices are performed to honor the gods or obtain their favor The Greek and Trojan societies believe that a soul remains restless and can not enter Hades until proper funeral rites are conferred Funeral rites were paramount for those who had been killed in battle An example of their determination to ensure a proper funeral can be found after the duel between the powerful Greek Aias and the Trojan commander Hector in Book VII After Aias and Hector reach a stalemate in their battle they agree to make no battle the next day so they can respectively bring in our dead Their cooperative neutrality to honor the dead demonstrated their respect for one anothers fallen comrades Another instance of the conferral of funeral rites can be found with the death of the brave Greek combatant Patroclos
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