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Anarchy Anarchism seems to be defined many ways by many different sources Most dictionary definitions define anarchism as the absence of government A leading modern dictionary Websters Third International Dictionary defines anarchism briefly but accurately as a political theory opposed to all forms of government and governmental restraint and advocating voluntary cooperation and free association of individuals and groups in order to satisfy their needs Other dictionaries describe anarchism with similar definitions The Britannica-Webster dictionary defines the word anarchism as a political theory that holds all government authority to be unnecessary and undesirable and advocates a society based on voluntary cooperation of individuals and groups William Godwin was the first proclaimed anarchist in history and the first to write about anarchism Godwin published a book called Political Justice in 1793 which first introduced his ideas about anarchism Godwin was forgotten about however and after his death Pierre Joseph Proudhon became a leading anarchist figure in the world His book What is Property incorporated greater meaning to the word anarchism anarchism became not only a rejection of established authority but a theory opposing ownership of land and property as well Anarchism fully blossomed as a defined theory when Russian anarchists Mikhail Bakunin 1814-1876 and Peter Kropotkin 1842-1921 started to write and speak Bakunin had a major influence in the world and introduced anarchism to many people Kropotkin was one of the many people inspired by Bakunin Kropotkin wrote many books on anarchism including Muitual Aid Fields Factories and Workshops and The Conquest of Bread and greatly aided in the evolution of the theory of anarchism As the 20th century emerged anarchism began to peak and the definition of anarchism became concrete with the growth of new anarchist writers and movements The execution and imprisonment of eight anarchists in Chicago in 1886 sparked anarchisms growth in the United States The Haymarket Eight flourished anarchists such as Voltairine de Cleyre and Lucy Parsons Parsons was born into slavery
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