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There are many causes for famine in Ethiopia Some of which include crop failure war and foodwater shortages Nearly all famines result from crop failure The chief causes of crop failure include drought flooding and plant disease and pests Ethiopia has large areas near deserts where rainfall is light and variable Electric Library In May of 2000 it had appeared that an entire generation of children was battling to stay alive through one of the worst droughts in Ethiopia for several years Until last week it had not rained for three years where about 13 million people eke out a living Then last week rain pounded down Far from a blessing though it brought new dangers In some stricken areas the dirt roads became impassible halting aid deliveries A month of flooding in Ethiopia already has destroyed thousands of acres of crops dislocated hundreds of thousands of people and killed at least 1300 News Bank A continuing border war with Eritrea one of Africas worst conflicts with each country claiming to have killed tens of thousands of soldiers on the other side In 1999 Ethiopia had spent 467 million on defense up from 140 million prior to the conflict Ethiopias attempts at economic growth have been hampered by the global trend of this past decade to reduce development assistance and by the governments pursuit of its border war with neighboring Eritrea Overseas development aid to Ethiopia fell from 12 billion in 1992 to 543 million in 1997 When war broke out in 1998 the government boosted military spending and most nations froze aid EBSCO 1 Eighty-five percent of Ethiopias aid is sent through Eritrea however Ethiopia complicating aid delivery refuses to have aid shipped through these more convenient ports Many countries that have given aid in the past are withholding aid on purpose fearful that a large-scale humanitarian campaign might fuel the countrys war against Eritrea UN officials say almost 8 million people in Ethiopia
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