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Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill is a development on and attempt to justify earlier explanation on the theory of utilitarianism by his mentor Jeremy Bentham Although they both shared similar views Mill further develops on the utilitarian theory that Bentham laid out as moral calculus to the judgment of right and wrong Mill believes that actions are always done for the sake of some end and testing the right or wrong determine these actions Mill states that an action alone is never right or wrong it is the relationship to the end that we determine the rightness or wrongness of that action Mill calls this the consequence We determine the right or wrong actions by what Mill calls our moral faculty in which gives us moral judgment the ability to judge what is moral or immoral biased on applying the moral law In utilitarianism that moral law is known as The Greatest Happiness PrincipleThe greatest happiness principle states that an action is right if it promotes happiness and is wrong if it promotes unhappiness or pain Mill Acknowledges that in order to prove that the Greatest Happiness Principle to be an acceptable moral law he must come with a justifiable argument to explain it Mill argues that actions are justifiable if they increase pleasure and decrease pain Because pleasure is the only end that is desirable Mill says anything else desirable is only a desire because it adds to that end Mill attempts to correct the belief that is formulated that the General Happiness Principle means that all pleasures are equal Mill speaks to the critiques that believe that utilitarianism reduces the quality of human life to a mere calculation of animal like pleasures with no interest on how these pleasures are produced And introduces the higher and lower levels of pleasure Mill states that all humans are capable of a higher pleasure that he calls the intellectual pleasure he also says there is
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