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Development of internet and its potentialThe release of mosaic was the starting gun for the internet revolution Mosaic was quickly commercialized as the Netscape Browser and Netscapes public stock offering in 1995 ushered in the internet stock market bubble But almost from the moment that it became a mass medium the internet was seen as more than just a way to revamp commerce and the practice of business Its most important promise many loudly declared was political If citizens could write their own news created their own political commentary and post their views before a worldwide audience this would surly have profound implication for political voices New sources of online information would make citizens more informed about politics New forms of internet organizing would help recruit previously inactive citizens into political participation Cyberspace would become a robust form for political debate The openness of the internet would creation and dissemination of political information would allow citizens to compete with journalists for the creation and dissemination of political informationHindman Many contend that at least part of the Internets political promise has been fulfilled On-line political organizations such as Move Onorg has attracted millions of members and become a key force in electoral politics Hindman Definition of participatory politics and the notion of public sphereThe public sphere refers to a sphere independent from state and market where public opinion and consensus is formed through communicative action through the free and open exchange of rational arguments between status-free citizens Currently the Habermassian public sphere could best be understood as a discursive arena that is home to citizen debate deliberation agreement and action Cammaerts2008The most prominent such normative theory is certainly the participatory or discursive model with Jrgen Habermas as its strongest advocate eg Habermas 1989 1992 1998 cf Calhoun 1992 Quite similar views have been expressed by Benjamin Barber 1984 1996 Peter Dahlgren 1991 Paul Hirst 1994 Amitai Etzioni 1997 and others According to this model public
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