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In his eighty year life Immanuel Kant never ventured outside of his hometown of Knigsberg Germany Either he was a man who was not inclined to search for things or he was one who had a groundbreaking perception of how to find them Kant was in fact searching for a great many things Having begun his career as an astronomer and having first put forth the theory of galaxies Kant later delved into moral philosophy Kant set out to determine whether or not there is a moral law by which all people must live and if so what such a law would be Kant concluded that such a law if it should exist would have to be both universal and categorical To ensure this Kant insisted that a moral concept must be completely a priori in reason and that any morality based on empirical elements was null and void His Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals devotes a great deal of time to this assertion and also provides an explanation of the prerequisite concepts needed for its full comprehension Kant begins his Grounding by asserting a definition of reason which may seem alien to many He argues that rational thinking beings are provided with the faculty of reason not as has been thought by many to help attain our desires such as happiness Nor says Kant is reason meant to serve as a guide for the will The possibilities and consequences of the world of action are myriad and reason is too feeble a faculty to adequately predict and account for them Rather reason is meant to guide more specifically in the creation of the good will a will which can ascertain through a priori reasoning the laws of morality A priori reasoning creates judgments that are based upon reason alone independent of all sensory experience and therefore apply with strict universality A priori judgments are traditionally analytic in nature That is to say
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