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Word Count: 1,503
Charles Dickens in his novel Hard Times places a great emphasis on the need for morality in the British educational system and the decrease of utilitarianism in Britains industrial society in the mid-19th century He demonstrates how education in Britain becomes industrialized manufacturing humans and stripping them of their individuality The author creates a set of antithetical characters to show industrializations discontents on one side there are the Gradgrinds and their philosophy of facts representing a stern system of education that necessarily must be applied to all on the other hand Dickens contrasts them with the circus family shining the light particularly on Cecilia Jupe a compassionate and imaginative girl Dickens shows a lack of balance in the industrial world he describes in Hard Times particularly he critiques utilitarianism He uses his antagonistic characters Sissy Jupe and Thomas Gradgrind to point out the negative sides of the mechanic world Britain came to represent Sissys struggle to understand the facts and inability to reject the fancy demonstrates how the system robs people of their individuality Dickens 5 there is a need for a better adaptation to the industrial world Dickens criticizes how a system based around financial profit robbed many of morality for instance Bounderby who was a factory owner claims that he was among the kind of people who know the value of time meaning that time was money Dickens 18 Mechanization of individuals echoes the arguments put forward by EP Thompsons 74 a famous British writer and historian He reflected on synchronization of laborers as a result of time-oriented discipline Dickens rather recommends a balance between disciplined utilitarianism and Romanticism of the Victorian era The author further emphasizes the need for a balance between a mechanized world and human emotions by exposing characters ending of their stories He guides the reader to a conclusion that utilitarianism fails to satisfy one size fits all by bringing the greatest good for the greatest number
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