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People do not die if there is flood but people die if there is no flood goes a local saying in Sirajganj District One farmer in Simla village in the Brahmaputra floodplain told researchers If there is no flood there will be no crop the soil will turn into a desert According to the peasants interviewed they feel a much bigger threat from what scientists call lateral river erosion Whereas the land is always there after a few days when the flood recedes nothing is left when your household and land have been carried away by a shifting riverWhile most floods follow heavy rain or rapid widespread melting of deep snow flood forecasters also have to worry about several other factors Her is some other ways that floods are caused Deep snow cover Deep snow can melt into a lot of water Deep snow very rarely causes flooding by itself Often heavy rain and rapid warm ups combine with rapidly melting snow to cause major flooding problems For example Fargo SD had a 15 inch snow pack at the beginning of March 1994 Fortunately slowly warming temperatures along with below freezing overnight temperatures through most of March into April reduced flooding from melting snow Forecasters were originally concerned that the deep snow would pose significant problems during the spring thaw Frozen ground Frozen soil can not absorb as much water as unfrozen soil Rain or rapid snow melt atop frozen soil can cause flooding that wouldnt have occurred if the soil were not frozen Wet or saturated soil Saturated soil cant absorb rain and water from melting snow The excess water becomes runoff that rapidly flows into rivers and streams Unsaturated soil acts like a sponge absorbing some of the water from rain or snow melt Saturated soil by itself does not cause flooding Usually heavy rain or rapid snow melt combined with saturated soil causes the flooding Full reservoirs Reservoirs are large
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