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Journal of Family Psychology September 2000 Vol 14 No 3 380-400 Ellen E Pinderhuhges Kenneth A Dodge John E Bates Gregory S Pettit Arnaldo Zelli Published by the American Psychology Association Discipline Responses Influences of Parents Socioeconomic Status Ethnicity Beliefs About Parenting Stress and Cognitive-Emotional Processes Michael Scudder Psychology 101E March 30 2001 Summary In the September 2000 Journal of Family Psychology several hypotheses relating to Parental discipline practices that are integral in theories of childrens socialization are explored Many parents use of physical punishment with their child is of special interest but is not pertaining to the childs best interest Numerous theories play a role for physical punishment in the development of antisocial behavior in children This study tested direct and indirect contributions of socioeconomic status to discipline responses direct and indirect contributions of ethnicity to discipline responses The study part of a longitudinal investigation of child development used cross-sectional data Parents responses to multiple hypothetical vignettes involving child misbehavior were the measure of discipline responses Parenting beliefs family stress parents perception of the child and cognitiveemotional processes were hypothesized to mediate relations between socioeconomic status and discipline responses and relations between ethnicity and discipline responses Parenting beliefs included beliefs about a the effectiveness of spanking and b the appropriateness of peer-directed aggression by the child Stressors included marital status number of children having an unplanned pregnancy living in an unsafe neighborhood and conflict in romantic relationships Parent perception of the child was assessed as the distinctiveness of the description of the child and parental affect toward the child Cognitiveemotional processes included hostile attribution of the child upset affect about the misbehavior and concern about the future implications of the misbehavior available alternative discipline responses and preventive discipline responses The study also included fathers as respondents Fathers voices are relatively rare in the literature on parenting Although mothers and fathers have been found to
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