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The present paper represents the final chapter and the conclusion of aMasters thesis entitled Diversity and Constituent Power WhichMulticulturalism Has Failed in Europe originally containing thefollowing sections 1 Introduction 2 Multiculturalism Diversity as aNew National Identity 3 European Debates the Struggle for NationalSovereignty 4 Constituent Power The People and The Foreigners 5ConclusionConstituent Power The People and The Foreigners In my overview of the specifics of the European situation I have arguedthat nativist claims cannot be fully resolved by the application of theprinciple of multicultural difference to national identity Thediscussion of multiculturalism appears to be split into the two separatediscourses the normative project itself where its defendersconcentrate on the domestic regulation of the existing diversityidentities and their equal recognition allocation of rights andresources and overcoming social segregation and the criticism whichis focused on the source of this diversity - the growing internationalmobility - and its impact on the territorial sovereignty In thissection I suggest a more detailed theoretical analysis of the role ofhistorical continuity in the construction of national sovereignty andits implications for the multicultural Other I therefore offer toconsider the concept of constituent power from two angles firstthrough the notions of social contract and constitutional foundationand second through the intuitions of membership and politicalbelongingIn the modern liberal tradition sovereignty is always tied to itslegislative foundation The founding moment is important as far as itsymbolizes the enacted civil agreement a manifestation of collectivepolitical will arisen from and exceeding aggregated individualvolitions Constituent power as the supreme power of the People fromthe moment of its emergence contains the tension between individualinterests rights and liberties and the common good One source of the problem is nature and the mode of existence of thestate authority Sovereign power belongs to the people and yetpolitical order is always found pre-established and by its essence isintended to restrain individuals How are citizens a source ofauthority if the state extends obligations on individuals The problemthus is to secure that the established political
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