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Word Count: 884
The division of labour in these hunter-gatherer societies is well balanced and is organised to suit the needs of all of the members of the society Every member of these societies plays a contributes in some way to the community throughout their life The Kung San Bushmen Kalahari Desert South Africa- Although a large group it is divided into small bands with each band being made up of between twenty and sixty people and having its own territory within which the members of that band have rights to gather wild vegetable foods However hunters of larger animals may step into the territories of other bands quite freely if they are in the pursuit of game The Kung are almost entirely dependant upon hunting and gathering for their food supply These people hunt and gather daily and return in the evening to distribute all the food that has been collected equally among every single member of the band The labour division of the Kung San is by gender and age The people in the 20-60 age group provide the food while the younger children and adolescents are not expected to provide regular food until they are married most commonly between the ages of fifteen and twenty for the females and about five years later for the males years later and instead have their older relatives provide food for them The older members of the band are well respected and have a high position in this society and their role is to be the leaders of the camps and to carry out activities such as ritual curing and making decisions For many years after they stop hunting and gathering the aged are fed and cared for by their children and grandchildren The women between the ages of 20-60 are responsible for the gathering and work for two to three days a week each whereas the men devote about twelve to nineteen hours a week to getting food
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