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Drug Testing and Corporate Responsibility The Ought Implies Can ArgumentDrug testing has become a hot topic under the microscope recently The problem is the question whether or not it is morally wrong to test employees for illegal drug use In order to justify drug testing in the work place one must look to rights among other things to determine what sorts of controls are morally permissible In order to really determine whether or not drug testing is needed one must evaluate the connection between drug testing and the prevention of drug related harm One theory that that many people use to justify the morality of Drug testing in the work place is a theory that is called Ought Implies Can Showing that a person was incapable of doing something otherwise blocks the normal moves of praise or blame and therefore absolves the agent of responsibility for a given act Basically we believe that persons can not be obligated to do things that they are not capable of doing If they fail to do those things then they can not be held accountable To imply the argument to drug testing is not as broad as the previous example If corporations are responsible for harms caused by employees under the influence of drugs they must have the ability to prevent these harms They must therefore have the ability to test for drug use This argument is vague to say the least In the argument there are four distinct senses of Responsible that appear with some regularity in the argument They are being legally liable culpable or guilty answerable or accountable or bound by an obligation The first argument is legal liability If the employee causes harm to a third party while preforming on behalf of the company the company has to compensate the third party This is because the firm was acting through the employee thus the company is held accountable This is often called Respondeat
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