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One could say that Titchener is seen as the father of structuralism Thought he gives great credit to Wundt he altered Wundts theory extensively resulting in a new theory Structuralism in short is the system of psychology which dealt with conscious experience as a dependant on experiencing persons Schultz 2004 p509 This varies greatly from the functionalism approach thats focus is on the mind and how it adapts with its environment Structuralism brought forth the focusing on mental attributes and linking them through the process of association Titchener believed that psychologys goal was to discover the nature of the elementary conscious experiences--to analyze consciousness into its component parts and thus determine its structure Schultz 2004 p117 Much of this was done thought introspection Functionalism on the other hand began as a result of Titcheners Structural theory and greatly influenced American education It incorporated basic ideology from William James and Charles Darwin Its an eclectic viewpoint that focuses on function rather than the structure of the mental process Harvey A Car defined psychology as having two major components He defined the subject matter of psychology as mental activity--those processes such as memory perception feeling imagination judgment and will Schultz 2004 p199 He also stated that the function of mental activity is to acquire fixate retain organize and evaluate experiences and to use these experiences to determine ones actions Schultz 2004 p199 He labeled these as adaptive or adjustive behaviors Though the two theories are on different ends of the spectrum they both incorporate introspection a form of self-evaluation Titcheners form of introspection relied on observers who were trained to describe elements of their consciousness state This was scrutinized by the psychological community It was seen that when one introduces an observing variable the conscious experience was altered therefore hindering the results William James was aware of the problem of introspection however he accepted it in the functionalism theory believing that the outcome can
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