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Chad Atwell Psychology Tuesday October 03 2000 Learning is defined as Any relatively permanent change in behavior that can be attributed to experience Coon It is not however a temporary change caused by outside forces Therefore things such as motivation disease and injury cannot be considered to be a form of learning This is because once the disease injury etc has been removed behavior will return to its state before the influence There are 2 main keys to every learning process the reinforcement which is anything that increases the chances that the desired response will take place and the response which is the behavior that takes place as a reaction to the reinforcement An antecedent is the event which takes place before a response and is the basis for Classical Conditioning A consequence is something that follows a response and is the foundation for what psychologists call Operant Conditioning Classical Conditioning is based on what takes place before a response It begins with some action that will inevitably produce a response That action is then associated with another that does not induce a response or a Neutral Stimulus After enough repetition the neutral stimulus which did not previously produce a response will now on its own produce the response of the action it was coupled with It is now what is called a Conditioned Stimulus or a stimulus that produces a response because it has been paired with another A good example of Classical Conditioning is presented by Ivan Pavlov a Russian Physiologist Pavlov noticed that his dogs would drool when he put food in their mouths After some time passed he noticed that the dogs would begin to drool upon seeing the food Then the dogs began drooling at the sight of Pavlov It was then that Pavlov noticed that learning had taken place The dogs had associated the food with the appearance of Pavlov The dogs drooling did not have to be learned
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