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Effects of Massage on the Parasympathetic and Sympathetic Divisions of the Autonomic Nervous and Endocrine Systems and Relationship between the Hypothalamus and the Pituitary Gland and Various Target Organs
Word Count: 1,509
Category: Healthcare and Medicine
Word Count: 1,509
QUESTION What general effects does massage have on the parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system and the endocrine system Also discuss the general relationship between the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland and various target organs INTRODUCTION This essay explores the effects of a variety of massage approaches on the autonomic nervous system and the endocrine system Swedish massage energy balancing methods aromatherapy lymphatic drainage Bindegewebsmassage serial connective tissue massage and general deep tissue massage methods are all considered in answering the question The aim is where possible to identify scientifically validated claims of massage as well as to explore the probable or perceived benefits massage may have In the words of Tritton 1993 claims about massage are sometimes outcomes of rigorous research but more often-than-not they are wishful thinking or hypotheses based on the anatomical structures and physiology of the body unfortunately there is very little to be found in the literature on the physiological effects of massage and very few scientific studies have been undertaken in this area Furthermore the small amount of empirical research that does exist more often than not does not define the kind of touch or massage methodology employed and massage is often rolled in with a range of other therapeutic methods Westland 1993 Nevertheless interest in massage as a valid means of therapy is on the increase and in particular in the West where stress is one of the most commonly experienced states massage has a clear role to play in reducing stress and helping people learn to recognise early stressful symptoms as compared with a more relaxed and less stressed state With pharmacology medical technology and the ever-increasing depersonalisation of patients in conventional Western medicine massage and related healing approaches involving touching body work are rapidly on the increase INTERACTION OF BODY SYSTEMS The human body is a finely tuned interaction of organs and systems the
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