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Word Count: 770
During the eighteenth century there was an incredible upheaval of commercialization in London England As a result English society underwent significant changes in attitude and thought in an attempt to obtain the dignity and splendor of royalty and the upper class McKendrick2 As a result English society held themselves in very high regards feeling that they were the elite society of mankind In his novel Gullivers Travels Jonathan Swift satirizes this English society in many ways In the novel Swift uses metaphors to reveal his disapproval of English society Through graphic representations of the body and its functions Swift reveals to the reader that grandeur is merely an illusion a facade behind which English society of his time attempted to hide from reality On his first voyage Swift places Gulliver in a land of miniature people where his giant size is meant as a metaphor for his superiority over the Lilliputians thus representing English societys belief in superiority over all other cultures Yet despite his belief in superiority Swift shows that Gulliver is not as great as he imagines when the forces of nature call upon him to relieve himself Gulliver comments to the reader that before hand he was under great difficulties between urgency and shame and after the deed says that he felt guilty of so uncleanly an action Norton2051 By revealing to the reader Gullivers shame in carrying out a basic function of life Swift comments on the self imposed supremacy of English society By humbling their representative the author implies that despite the belief of the English to be the most civilized and refined society they are still human beings who are slaves to the same forces as every other human being regardless of culture or race On the second voyage Swift turns the tables on Gulliver and places him among a race of giant people the Brobdingnagians where Gulliver is viewed as the inferior Due to his miniature
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