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AbstractTheories of psychosocial development stress importance of socialrelationships in the development of personality Erik Eriksons wellknown stage theory of psychosocial development helped generate interestand inspire research on human development through the lifespanAccording to Erik there are stages and at each stage of development hedescribes conflicts are centered on either developing a psychologicalquality or failing to develop that quality So during these times forthe person the potential growth is high but so is the high risk offailure Hope is both the earliest and the most indispensable virtue inherentin the state of being alive If life is to be sustained hope mustremain even where confidence is wounded trust impaired ErikErikson Erikson EH 1996Erik Erikson was born June 15 1902 and died May 12 1994He was bornto a young Jewish mother who raised him and she later married aphysician by the name of Dr Theodor homberger Erikson took on the lastname Homeberger for a short while through his high school career Afterhigh school he went on to study psychoanalysis and earned a certificatefrom the Vienna psychoanalytical society In 1933 Erikson moved to theUnited States where he was offered a teaching position at Harvardmedical school That is when Erikson decided to change his last namefrom homberger to Erik H Erikson as a way to forge his own identity Today Erikson is Best-known for his famous theory of psychosocialdevelopment and the concept of the identity crisis Erik Eriksonstheories continue to remain influential Eriksons theory ofpsychosocial development is one of the best-known theories ofpersonality maybe that is because Erikson believed that personalitydevelops in a series of stages His theory describes the impact ofsocial experience across the whole lifespan Erikson developed what hewould call eight stages of development In the first stage of Eriksons theory of psychosocial developmentoccurs between birth and one year of age and is the most fundamentalstage in life This is because the infant is solely dependent upon theparents or the caregiver to this infant And trust is
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