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When Luuk Van Middelaar author of the Passage to Europe wrote in substance that the European Union works as a team game in which intervene 27 national democracies and a fragment of European democracy it is almost a confession that the European Union suffers a democratic deficit It is however in the same sense of realities considering that the European Union is firstly a horizontal system Andrew Moravcsik concluded a journal by stating that the European Union does not suffer a democratic deficitWhen judged by the practices of existing nation-states and in the context of a multi-level system there is little evidence that the EU suffers from a fundamental democratic deficitAs Thomas Jensen remarked the literature on the democratic deficit in the European Union is extremely heterogeneous and even the question to know whether a democratic deficit does exist remain unsettled However Andrew Moravcsik outlook will be here widely discussed in order to assess the extent of his statementIn a context of wording confusion defining notions that will be used is very important The notions of legitimacy and democracy are frequently confused assimilating a lack of legitimacy with a democratic deficit A democratic polity gets its legitimacy from electoral accountability Therefore a democratic deficit could refer to a polity in which there is a lack of democratic accountability and then a lack of control over decision making processes On the other hand legitimacy can refer to the popular acceptance or recognition of a polity Max Weber distinguished three types of legitimacy the traditional legitimacy the charismatic legitimacy and the rational-legal legitimacy Nevertheless understood more widely legitimacy can find other sources For example a polity can be legitimated through its beneficial consequences or the democratic approbation of the people Democratic accountability could therefore be a form of legitimacyOriginally the European Unions legitimacy was not a problem The European Union is an old idea Victor Hugo in 1849 was preaching for the united states of Europe The
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