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Welfare is a form of financial aid provided by a government agency to those who are in need The dictionary defines welfare as Government-provided support for those unable to support themselves In the United States it is undertaken by various federal state and local agencies under the auspices of different programs the best known of which are Aid to Families with Dependent Children AFDC and food stamps 1 2 Millions of people in the United States collect millions of dollars in welfare each monthWelfare originally dates back to the birth of the United States The original amount was about 25 of gross domestic product or GDP It was not until the great depression hit the United States that the need for welfare began to increase and the expenditures began to rise to 2 percent of GDP Welfare continued to increase for the poor The Great Society programs started welfare on an upward path so that after 1980 welfare spending fluctuated between 3 and 4 percent of GDP 21 Most recently Clinton implemented the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act This act required the federal government gives annual lump sums to the states to use to assist the poor In turn the states must adhere to certain criteria to ensure that those receiving aid are being encouraged to move from welfare to work 31There are many different types of financial aid that an individual can apply for The most common known to the public are food stamps Medicaid Medicare and child welfare Child welfare refers to the protection of children from abuse and neglect services include investigations of child maltreatment foster care protective living arrangements for children counseling financial assistance and adoption programs 4 1 Medicaid and Medicare provide the coverage necessary for health and well being while also providing for regular doctor visits prescriptions dental care and eye care41 Food Stamps are used to help purchase food for families who cannot afford to
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