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Word Count: 630
Man versus ScienceFrom the beginning of human existence man has always tried to control nature Man has delved deep into the dark sciences such as witchcraft and alchemy Man has always tried to get in the way of what G-d has set before us Authors have learned to exploit this idea in many of their works Nathaniel Hawthorne employs allusions and symbolism in order to highlight the consequences when man interferes with science Allusions are references to well-known works such as books or art An author uses allusions to further a readers understanding of an unknown concept or idea Hawthorne does a great job of using allusions to shine different light on an idea to help reinforce it In The Birthmark Hawthorne talks about Pygmalion twice Pygmalion is a Greek myth in which Pygmalion a sculptor falls in love with a statue he created of a perfect woman The Greek goddess Venus sees this love and makes the statue come to life and fall in love with Pygmalion This allusion is strategically used because this allusion is about man and unnatural events which is just like Aylmer and the unnatural events he goes through This allusion reinforces what can happen when man gets involved in science Hawthorne again strengthens the overarching idea of man versus science when he alludes to Dantes Inferno in Rappaccinis Daughter when he states had been pictured by Dante as a partaker of the immoral agonies of his inferno Just like in The Birthmark Hawthorne uses the allusion to talk about the dark sciences being Hell The allusion is critical in reinforcing the idea of unnatural sciences Hawthorne utilizes the allusions to his advantage because he highlights the consequences of mans interaction in the dark sciences A symbol is something used for or regarded as representing something else Hawthorne masterfully infuses symbols in both The Birthmark and Rappaccinis Daughter In The Birthmark the most obvious symbol is the
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