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Hamilton was a federalist and served as the secretary of the treasury in the 1890s He was a strong supporter of a centralized federal government He also advocated loose interpretation of the us constitution and the use of the elastic clause Which was an ambiguous power of the federal government stating that congress can do what it is proper and necessary john Marshalls epitomizing of these Hamiltonian principals and philosophies can be seen in several of his court rulings Such as McCulloch vs Maryland Dartmouth college vs Woodward Gibbons vs Ogden and Cohens vs Virginia In the case Mcculloch vs Maryland in 1819 Maryland brought a suit against McCulloch and bands him for refusing to pay a tax on the federal bank Marshall said the power to tax implies the power to destroy Marshalls ruling sanctified the federal governments user of implied powers His decision was in favor of the federal bank It established the national supremacy over state governments It also paved the way for vast expansion of federal power in the future In the case of Dartmouth college vs Woodward in 1919 as well Dartmouth was telling its case on how they had been chartered in 1769 as a private school to train missionaries and native Americans in new Hampshire Republican members of the board of trustees sought to have the state legislature convert the school into a new state university The state court supported contention that the state had the right to alter the schools charter The courts ruling was in favor of the republican board members Daniel Webster appealed to the Supreme Court and Marshall overturned the state courts decision This set the precedent for the Gosceant contract It also set a precedent for the supreme courts power to overturn the state courts decisions Which again had strengthened the central governments In 1824 the Cohens were arrested for selling lottery tickets in Virginia They then appealed to the Supreme Court Marshall
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