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1697- The Spaniards cede the western third of Hispaniola to the French crown at the treaty of Ryswick It is now called Saint Domingue 1697-1791- Saint Domingue becomes the richest colony in the world Its capital Cap Franceis is known as the Paris of the New World There are now about 700000 African slaves compared to about 30000 Whites and 30000 people of color 1791- The first major black Rebellion takes place initiated by Boukman a voodoo Houngan This begins the markings of civil war between the Black dominated north and the mulatto dominated south 1796- Toussaint LOuverture an educated herb doctor and military man emerges as the leader of the former slaves in the north He restored order ended the massacres and restored some of Saint Domingues former prosperity 1801- Napoleon Bonaparte dispatches an army of 34000 to try to subdue the slave armies and retake the conlony for France- he was unsuccessful however the leader of the French army Leclerc ultimately had Toussaint LOuverture seized and deported to France where he died in prison 1802- Convention in Paris reintroduces slavery bringing on even more rebellions and massacres 1804- Jean-Jacques Dessalines proclaimed the independent Black Republic of Haiti in the northern half of the island They become the 1st primarily Black republic in the world the 2nd republic in the world and the 1st independent country of former slaves in the world
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