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Patrick Daley EXPANSIONISM IN AMERICAN HISTORY The expansion that took place in America in the early twentieth-century in many ways was a a departure from previous the expansion of the previous century On the most basic level the land to be acquired was different No more uninhabited or nearly uninhabited considering the Indians tracts of contiguous land remained to be gobbled up and made into states The territories in question were now islands in the Caribbean and south Pacific areas with established governments seemingly unsuitable for state hood bringing up another departure America now focused more on spreading its influence through the western hemisphere ensuring that it maintained a stronger presence than its old world competitors than on simply adding more acres to the Union Despite these significant changes the root motivations for expansion - protection of US intrests and economic growth - remained the same from one century to the next Thomas Jeffersons Louisiana purchase opened up a golden era for westward expansion and the territories gained from France would prove vital to Americas economic future As textile steel and oil industries began to boom so did the need for the raw materials grown and mined in the west The government in order to feed the growing industries with the needed ore oil or crops encouraged expansion with the Homestead Act and subsidized rail road companies laying down track into this new frontier Expansion had contributed to US becoming the economic super power that it did and now the continuation of such prosperity would raise a demand for expansion Americans must now look outward The growing production demands it Cried Alfred Mahan document C Arguing that if America were to compete with the imperialist activities of the European powers depicted in Thomas Nasts cartoon as plundering thieves and control trade through the western hemisphere then expansion was an imperative The US government however received its own share of criticism for undertaking
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