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WHY DID THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS FAIL The League of Nations a former international organization was formed after World War I to promote international peace and security The basis of the League also called the Covenant was written into the Treaty of Versailles and other peace treaties and provided for an assembly a council and a secretariat Because the peace treaties had created the League of Nations the League was bound to uphold their principles but however it became apparent that some of the terms of the treaties were harsh and unjust and needed amending This undermined the league Woodrow Wilson hoped however by including it in the treaties that this would ensure that the League was accepted by all nations However from the start the League shared many of the weaknesses of the treaties themselves The defeated powers were not consulted about the league and were not invited to join The victorious powers did not really agree among themselves about the League A system of colonial commands was also set up Based in Geneva the League proved useful in settling minor international disputes but they had a hard time stopping aggression involving major powers such as Japans occupation of Manchuria in 1931 Italys invasion of Ethiopia in 1935-36 and Germanys seizure of Austria in 1938 It collapsed early in World War II and ended in 1946 Its ending in 1946 was because it had some basic and fundamental problems such as dealing with aggression involving major powers Countries like Japan and Italy were able to just walk over the League of Nations because it had no armed forces of its own and it relied upon the co-operation of its members This problem was inter-linked with the fact that the League was very slow at making decisions With no armed forces this made it difficult to impose decisions Therefore when a crisis occurred the league was supposed to act fast with
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