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The Federalist Papers Madison begins perhaps the most famous of the Federalist papers by stating that one of the strongest arguments in favor of the Constitution is the fact that it establishes a government capable of controlling the violence and damage caused by factions Madison defines that factions are groups of people who gather together to protect and promote their special economic interests and political opinions Although these factions are at odds with each other they frequently work against the public interests and infringe upon the rights of others The Federalists wanted to keep the Union together and to prevent the possible instability injustice and confusion that might arise among the public as it has happened to other popular governments around the world The American Constitution made valuable improvements on the existing model however it didnt fulfill its intended purpose which was to make adequate provisions for remedying the possible tendency to brake and control the violence of faction The population made complaints that the public good is often disregarded and the decisions are not made according to the rules of justice and the rights of the minority but rather made according to the interest and biased opinions of the overwhelming majority Here is where interest versus principle comes into place The interest of both parties comes into conflict when a decision is to be made Each party has its own interests and majority and minority differ in their opinions Their interests conflict with the principle of equality and justice To Madison there are only two ways to control a faction one to remove its causes and the second to control its effects The first is impossible There are only two ways to remove the causes of a faction destroy liberty or give every citizen the same opinions passions and interests Destroying liberty is a cure worse then the disease itself and the second is impracticable The causes of factions are therefore
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