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Do you know what forensic scientists would perform when they attempt to solve the identity of the human remains which are decomposed or skeletonized Forensic scientists apply many different forensic methods for example facial reconstruction in order to determine the identification of the unearthed skeleton Wagner 1997 Facial reconstruction is a forensic technique that attempts to recreate an individuals face from a skull for the purpose of identification Hwang et al 2012 p443 It can be divided into three main categories for instance two-dimensional three-dimensional and superimposition Each category of reconstruction can produce an approximate face which is similar to the original individual from the human remains however these categories have their own strengths and weaknesses Vanezis et al 1989 In this paper the foundation of facial reconstruction will be discussed in order to examine the accuracy and usefulness of the facial reconstruction that conducted in the documentary Hunt for the Mad TrapperTwo-dimensional facial reconstruction can be conducted either through artistic or photofit technique Bell 2013 Lecture 5 Through artistic the forensic artists usually have a photograph of the skull on one side and make a sketch based on the class characteristics of the individual for example age sex and race Quatrehomme et al 2005 They usually mark some points on the paper indicates the average thickness of soft tissue at that spot It is similar as drawing a portrait however some details may be not accurately drawn such as the facial features Since the artists do not have information on the appearance of the facial feature they may just imagine a human being and give it eyes ears mouth and nose However this humanization may lead to a false identification or difficult in recognizing the original person for example adding a different hairstyle Also the face shape may not stand out strongly from the skull by applying average color tone on the sketch Clement and Mark 2005 p214 However this may increase the accuracy
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