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Francis Bacon was born in Dublin on October 28 1909 the second of five children to Edwad and Winfrey Bacon The Bacon family lived there until 1914 when Edward took up work in the War Office in London England After 1918 the family moved back and forth from London to Dublin During this period of frequent travel Francis suffered from asthma and other recurrent ailments and rarely went to school being taught by private tutors In 1925 Edward angered by Franciss homosexuality sent Francis to live with an uncle in Berlin After three years he moved to Paris where he suppored himself with commissions for interior decoration There he decided to become a painter after viewing the Picasso exhibit at the Galerie Paul Rosenberg In 1929 Francis Bacon returned to London setting up a studio in South Kensington There he held a one man exhibition of surrealist oil paintings water colors and furniture The exhibit received little or no attention but Bacon was determined and started devoting more time painting and less time on interior decorating and began to live in poverty In 1933 he painted two crucifixions which he submited to the International Surrealist Exhibition but were rejected Dishearted he began to paint less and gamble more In 1941 Bacon destroyed all but ten canvasses to date He then joined the Civil Defence Corps In 1945 he painted Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion which was exhibited at Lefevre Gallery and recieved lots of attention Following the success of the first tryptich he painted Painting 1946 which was exhibited at the same gallery provoking extreme reactions Then in 1949 he completed a spectacular series of six Heads in which the figure of the screaming Pope appeared for the first time He then in 1950 begian a series of three Pope figures after Velazquez Pope Innocent X of which only two were completed Bacon then took up
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