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Word Count: 573
The Olmec Civilization- The Olmec were Mesoamericas first civilization They were located in Laguna de los Cerros tres Zapotes San Lorenzo La Venta and the Tuxtla Mountains in Mexico The purpose of this report is to show how the Olmec lived their beliefs and their spectacular art The Olmec were a mother culture to later civilizations The culture of the Olmec started in Mexicos Gulf Coast between 1200 and 1400 BC approximately between the Trojan war and the golden age of Athens and ended about 3000 years ago The Olmec were among the first Americans to design ritual centres and raise earthen pyramids On the pyramids there were statues which were strategically placed as a shrine As the Olmec culture gradually developed some Olmec villages grew strong and powerful while others were less fortunate The villages shared their resources such as rubber and basalt The Olmec had different social ranks from workers such as fishers farmers traders and specialists such as artisans and sculptors to rulers Rulers were individuals who had the power to float basalt down the river and to commission colossal statues and other public work The Olmec farmed and ate corn They also ate shellfish fish turtles beans deer and dog Perhaps the most spectacular trait of the Olmec were that they used hieroglyphs They used hieroglyphs to record dates events and to tell stories Although the Olmec were hard workers they still had time for a ceremonial ball game The Olmec had many beliefs Among these beliefs were chaneques which were dwarf trixters who lived in water falls They also had their own beliefs in cosmology The Olmec had natural shrines devoted to the hill on which the shrine was located and the water The Olmec
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