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A theist is a person whose belief in God is based upon three premises The three premises are God is omnipotent God is wholly good and evil exists However many people are skeptical to this belief claiming that an omnipotent and wholly good God would not allow evil to exist One such person is John Mackie who allows the contradiction between these premises to be seen much clearer by adding two additional premises which connect the terms good evil and omnipotence Mackie also claims that the only way to avoid the problem of evil is to deny at least one of the premises upon which the belief is founded In response to Mackies claim many solutions have been put forth which attempt to remove the contradiction but still maintain the premises Examples of such solutions are that Evil is only an illusion of the human mind and Evil is created by human free will Mackie and another philosopher John Hick both respond to these possible solutions and prove their inadequacy The problem of evil is a problem for the theist because to hold the premises God is omnipotent God is good and evil exists all to be true is to contradict oneself and the only proper solution is to deny the truth of one of the fundamental premises which is a problem that the theist can not adequately respond toThe problem of evil is one which may be rooted directly in the definition itself In his essay titled Evil and Omnipotence John Mackie defines the problem of evil as A problem only for someone who believes that there is a God who is both omnipotent and wholly goodPage 333 It is based on this definition that Mackie is able to find err in the principles of theism In order to prove the irrationality behindtheism Mackie develops two premises in addition to the three held true by theists These two premises more clearly show the
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