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AN INTRODUCTION TO ERGONOMICS INTRODUCTION Definition- Ergonomics in the study of how the physical and sometimes the psychological health of workers is affected by their workplace Studies have shown that certain things in the workplace including temperature lighting air furniture design and equipment design can affect the speed at which employees work workers health and absenteeism Good ergonomics means creating a healthier safer and more comfortable work area for employees ADVANTAGES When work environment are designed to be ergonomically correct employees are happier healthier more productive and more efficient In addition morale may be higher when employees perceive their well-being is important to the employer As a result employees miss fewer days and quit their job less frequently As a result businesses can save a lot of money in lower staff turnover which requires time spent advertising positions and training new personnel Businesses make money due to increased productivity and efficiency DISADVANTAGES Injuries When workplaces are not designed ergonomically they can cause discomfort and many types of injuries to employees The most common type of injury is musculoskeletal injuries MSI MSI happens when a worker performs repetitive tasks causing stress on nerves muscles tendons or other body parts The most frequently reported MSI in North America is carpal tunnel syndrome CTS CTS occurs when a nerve in the wrists is used over and over with the wrong data or hold objects in that hand CTS is often caused by long hours of keying at a computer workstation that is not properly adjusted to the workers height Other illnesses cased by poorly designed work areas are eyestrain headache fatigue allergies backaches and poor circulation Lights should not flicker because this causes annoyance and eyestrain Fluorescent banks of light are effective and cheap but are not ideal as they can cause restlessness and lack of concentration Computers should be placed as that there
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