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During the administration of United States President John F Kennedy the Cold War reached its most dangerous state and the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics USSR came to the edge of nuclear war in what was known as the Cuban Missile Crisis What was the Cold War What started the tensions between the United States and the USSR What actions were taken and how were the problems resolved All of these questions and more shall be answered in this paper The Cold War was a struggle between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union Although direct military conflict never took place diplomatic and economic struggles occurred The Cold War began when Joseph Stalin leader of the Communist Party used the Red Army to take control of most of the countries of Eastern Europe The United States as well as Western European countries were greatly concerned In response to Stalins military movements President Harry Truman issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947 In his address to Congress President Truman asked that the United States would aid any country that asked for help in resisting communism The Truman Doctrine became known as the basis for containment the policy to keep communism from spreading to other countries After the Truman Doctrine George Catlett Marshall Secretary of State proposed the Marshall Plan the European Recovery Program through which the United States provided aid to Western Europe after World War 2 in June 1947 The Marshall Plan was offered to all European countries but Stalin would not let the countries his military was occupying take part In April 1949 the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO was formed The countries involved in this pact were the United States Britain France Canada Belgium Denmark Iceland Italy Luxembourg the Netherlands Norway and Portugal The NATO agreement said that an armed attack against one or more of its members in Europe and America shall be considered an attack
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