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Word Count: 1,103
In the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus Wittgenstein is convinced that language mirrors the world and that things which are in the world must be expressible through language However he believes that the way in which language represents the world can not be expressed in the language and that this is not generally understood For example in a perfect logically perspicuous language it is nonsense to say that M is a thing so this cannot be said However by using the symbol M we are showing something M is a thing is already shown when you see M Wittgenstein required another form of expression for the things which cant be said and this has become known as the doctrine of showing However the doctrine itself is never made perspicacious it is of cardinal importance but he never really tries to explain it in the Tractatus he invokes it without any specification of its meaning By the time showing is introduced in the 412s of the Tractatus Wittgenstein has developed his picture theory and shown how propositions in language can represent real states of affairs just like models or pictures Relations between names in propositions represent possible arrangements of real objects The representation and reality must have a common logical form and this is the minimum which must be in common to allow the picture to picture reality However the representation can never say that it includes this logical form - it can never be displayed within the model the picture or the proposition but must be there nonetheless It is noticeable to anyone who happens to study the representation as they will need to know what there is in common What cannot be put into words refers to features of reality However this can only be because the logical form is shown by the very fact that the representation represents When the picture theory is extended to propositions the account of the factual sentences correlation to the fact
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