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Kuhn has makes some interesting claims about how the history of science and its progress be viewed that go against the traditional cumulative view of knowledge in which knowledge is simply added to our pool of understanding and the view that different theories can be compared rationally Kuhns claims are largely against what Carnap believes to be true about how science progresses Carnap holds the traditional view that knowledge is cumulative and there is a rational method in which theory selection can occur Although Kuhns claims are unconventional he manages to give them strength by good examples and logical thinking Kuhns main claim is that there is no methodology in choosing any particular paradigm Kuhn views science as being in one of two phases normal science or scientific revolution While most of the time is spent in normal science where knowledge is cumulative his main claim applies during scientific revolution During normal science scientists to provide explanations for current phenomenon use a paradigm to guide their research The paradigm governs the way the scientists think about their research thus affecting their methods interpretations and other theories used as a reference for their research As long as the paradigm continues to help scientists explain phenomena it is kept Once an event occurs that is unexplainable by the paradigm scientists choose to either ignore it do more research to try and explain it with the current paradigm or develop a new paradigm that can explain the anomaly If the anomaly is significant it will continue to appear if it i s ignored so eventually it must be dealt with If the paradigm continues to fail to explain the phenomenon then the only option left is to develop a new paradigm that can explain the anomaly This new paradigm must take in a different set of theories values or methods to be able to explain the phenomenon and therefore completely changes the way scientists choose to explain future
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