scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 9,410
Globally chronic kidney disease CKD is recognized as a public health care concern Pugsley Keith Garcia-Garcia Agoda 2009 In Chile approximately 17018 patients are on hemodialysis Poblete 2012 driven by hypertension diabetes and vascular disease Throughout the world due to the shortage of kidneys for transplantation many patients undergo hemodialysis HD for extended periods of time and suffer medical complications and poor quality of life QoL Braga et al 2011 Marinovich et al 2012 Santos 2010 CKD is more common in the socially disadvantaged and is a major driver of the disparity burden of illness disability and premature death across sex age race socioeconomic status and geographic boundaries Eisenstein et al 2009 Marinovich et al 2012 Health status follows a gradient in which people with lower socio-economic circumstances are more likely to have poorer physical and mental health outcomes than those at higher socio-economic levels Butler-Jones 2008 CSDH 2008 These socioeconomic political cultural biological and environmental conditions are called social determinants of health SDOH and they include income social status social support networks education gender employment and working conditions physical and social environments personal health practices and coping skills healthy child development and health services Raphael 2009 The SDOH are the best predictors of health for individuals families societies and countries WHO 2009 There is evidence that patients with low income have worse health outcomes and yet the causes of these disparities have not been identified within the CKD population Garg et al 2001 In fact the effects of the SDOH have not been adequately studied for people with CKD in HD In this paper we present findings of a postdoctoral research study aimed to examine how the SDOH affect lived experience and QoL of people with CKD through secondary data analysis of one dataset generated by a doctoral research study
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA