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Abstract The aim of the current study was to predict that peoples facial activity influence their responses The design partially replicated a previous study where three hundred and twenty five 251 females and 74 males university undergraduates took part in the experiment Participants were instructed to hold a pen in their mouths to either inhibit or facilitate the muscles associated with smiling without knowing the true nature of the experiment Participants rated cartoons on a scale of 0 - 9 Those who displayed facilitated smile report a slightly higher rating than those who had inhibited their smile supporting the predicted hypothesis Results demonstrated that facilitated mechanisms may contribute to response and lends support to the Facial Feedback Hypothesis How the signaling of human facial expressions influence emotional experience is a fascinating system that has impact both on external and internal environments This notion has been of early review by Darwin 1872 whos thoughts are that muscular facial activity can have a strengthening or inhibiting affect on emotional experience This concept extends across every culture with universally recognized attributes Westen 2002 and has been regarded in developmental personality social and physiological psychology as well as delving into the world of neuroscience Izard 1990 The testing of this phenomenon has lead theorists to examine what is known as The Facial Feedback Hypothesis FFH Two general theories about the way facial expressions mediate effects have surfaced According to Strack Martin and Stepper 1988 Lairds early study proposed that cognitive processes self perceptive are the underlying factor of determining ones mood ie when one smiles they therefore assume self happiness On the contrary other theorists like Jacobson 1929 cited in Izard 1990 propose that physiological processes are the determinant factors of emotion due to an increase of neuromuscular activity ie facial expression may dictate ones feelings unconsciously From whichever perspective theorists stand by there have been various methodological designs used for testing Experimenter - manipulated studies have
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