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Who Am I Who Am I The amount of research that has been conducted about adoptees and their problems with identity development is enormous Many of the researchers agree on some of the causes of identity formation problems in adolescent adoptees while other researchers conclude that there is no significant difference in identity formation in adoptees as birth children This paper will discuss some of the research which has been conducted and will attempt to answer the following questions Do adoptees develop identity formation difficulties during adolescence If so what are some of the causes of these unpredictable changes And finally does the role of te adoptive parent play a crucial role in the adoptees identity devolpment The National Adoption Center reports that fifty-two percent of adoptable children have attachment disorder symptoms It was also found that the older the child when adopted the higher the risk of social maladjustment Benson 1998 This is to say that a child who is adopted during infancy to a loving home usually progress rapidly especially in the cognitive development Myers 1999 Myers also states that babies reared in constitutions without the stimulation of a regular care-giver are often withdrawn frightened even speechless This may be due in part to the probability that an infant will learn how to trust where as a ten-year-old may have more difficulty with this task depending on his history The quality of attachment and the foundational sense of basic trust that derives from it sets the stage for significant developmental outcomes concerning the individuals sense of self participation in relationship McRoy 1990 Eric Erickson a developmental theorist discusses trust issues in his theory of development The first of Ericksons stages of development is Trust v Mistrust which takes place during infancy A child who experiences neglect or abuse can have this stage of development severely damaged An adopted infant may have the opportunity to fully learn trust where
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